encodeURI vs encodeURIComponent

Used to escape characters in a string reserved for URLs.

As a rule of thumb,

  • encodeURIComponent is used to encode parts of a URL (for example, a query string parameter).
  • encodeURI is used to encode an entire URL.

encodeURI does not encode characters that have a special meaning for a URI.

encodeURIComponent escapes all characters except: A-Z a-z 0-9 - _ . ! ~ * ' ( ).


String encodeURI encodeURIComponent
https://www.google.com https://www.google.com https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com
https://www.myserver.com/page=a new dream.html https://www.myserver.com/page=a%20new%20dream.html https%3A%2F%2Fwww.myserver.com%2Fpage%3Da%20new%20dream.html
123.com/abc#def 123.com/abc#def 123.com%2Fabc%23def